Khanqah & Zikr

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Definition of Khanqah

لدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) قَوْلُهُ: وَرِبَاطٍ هُوَ خَانْكَاةُ الصُّوفِيَّةُ وَهُوَ مُتَعَبَّدُهُمْ. وَفِي كَلَامِ ابْنِ وَفَا نَفَعَنَا الله بِهِ مَا يُفِيدُ أَنَّهَا بِالْقَافِ فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ الْخَنْقُ فِي اللُّغَةِ:التَّضْيِيقُ، وَالْخَانِقُ: الطَّرِيقُ الضَّيِّقُ وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَتْ الزَّاوِيَةُ الَّتِي يَسْكُنُهَا صُوفِيَّةُ الرُّومِ الْخَانْقَاهْ لِتَضْيِيقِهِمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِالشُّرُوطِ الَّتِي يَلْتَزِمُونَهَا فِي مُلَازَمَتِهَا وَيَقُولُونَ فِيهَا أَيْضًا مَنْ غَابَ عَنْ الْحُضُورِ غَابَ نَصِيبُهُ إلَّا أَهْلَ الْخَوَانِقِ وَهِيَ مَضَايِقُ اهـ ط. وَوَجْهُ تَسْمِيَتِهَا رِبَاطًا أَنَّهَا مِنْ الرَّبْطِ: أَيْ الْمُلَازَمَةِ عَلَى الْأَمْرِ، وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَ الْمَقَامُ فِي ثَغْرِ الْعَدُوِّ رِبَاطًا، وَمِنْهُ قَوْله تَعَالَى {وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا} [آل عمران: 200] وَمَعْنَاهُ انْتِظَارُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ، لِقَوْلِهِ - عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ - «فَذَلِكُمْ الرِّبَاطُ» أَفَادَهُ فِي الْقَامُوس

In Durrul Mukhtar, Allama Ibn Aabideen Shami (RA) writes, Ribaat refers to the Khanqah of the Sufis, their place of worship. The dictionary meaning of "Khanq" is narrowness. "Khaniq" refers to a narrow path. Therefore the small corner in which the Sufis of Rome had resided is referred to as a Khanqah, because they would restrict themselves with conditions which they had to adhere to in that place. The Arabs are also say, Whoever is absent from my presence, his share is lost except the people of Khawaniq (narrow places). The reason for referring to it as 'Ribaat' is because it is derived from the word 'Rabt' which means to stick firmly upon a matter, thus a gap or opening to the enemy is called Ribaat.(Therefore that the gap of our enemies (i.e. Shaytaan and Nafs) should be guarded). From it is the verse of the Quraan Sharif, "be firm in fighting (the enemy) and remain steadfast". Also it means, wait for (the next) Salaah after the completion of one Salaah, as Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam referred to this action as Ribaat

Permissibility of Loud Zikr

وَفِي حَاشِيَةِ الْحَمَوِيِّ عَنْ الْإِمَامِ الشَّعْرَانِيِّ : أَجْمَعَ الْعُلَمَاءُ سَلَفًا وَخَلَفًا عَلَى اسْتِحْبَابِ ذِكْرِ الْجَمَاعَةِ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ وَغَيْرِهَا إلَّا أَنْ يُشَوِّشَ جَهْرُهُمْ عَلَى نَائِمٍ أَوْ مُصَلٍّ أَوْ قَارِئٍ إلَخْ

Allama Shaaraani (RA) states, The Ulema of former and latter times have agreed that Zikrullah in the Masjid in a gathering and other places is Mustahab, except if their loud voices causes disturbance to a sleeping person, or a person performing Salaah or a person reciting Quraan. (Raddul Muhtaar pg.660 vol.1)

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Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hamid Sahib (Daamat Barakaatuhum) advises that one should attend the Majaalis personally in order to gain maximum benefit. The "Live Streaming" is for those who are unable to attend due to circumstances. In this case, one should listen to the programmes using the "Live Streaming".

Hazrat Maulana explains that the spiritual benefit that one will acquire by attending the Maajalis will not be acquired by listening over the internet, but by attending the Majaalis one will enjoy the Sohbat (companionship) of the Sheikh which will tremendously benefit him. Hazrat Maulana explains this by means of an example. A marriage over the internet may be possible. However, the couple will never be able to have a child over the net, but if they meet for few minutes then it will be possible for the woman to conceive. Similarly, a person should physically attend the Majaalis to spiritually benefit from the Sheikh. (N.B. Marriage over the internet is not valid in Shariah, the example was merely used to explain the importance of attending the gatherings of the Sheikh)

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